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Glossary of Terms

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Term Definition
Pen Stain

Fleece wool discoloured by sheep's faeces while the sheep are being penned. Usually a dark green colour.

Penner Up
Member of a shearing team responsible for penning the sheep.
A breed of sheep developed by breeders George Peppin and Thomas Shaw in the late 1850s that constitutes a significant portion of the Australian Merino flock.
A chemical used to kill a pest. Crop pesticides can be herbicides (weed killers) insecticides (insect killers) or fungicides (fungus/mould killers). On animals, pesticides usually refers to remedies used against external parasites.

Male sheep's penis. Urine stained wool found on bellies from around the pizzle area of male sheep is known as pizzle stain.

Plunge dipping
A method for applying a remedy against external parasites by plunging the animal into a vessel / tank containing the chemical.
A sheep with no horns.
A major contaminant in the wool industry commonly used as hay baling twine dyed in different colours eg. black, red.
Position of Break
An indication of where a staple breaks during extension, determined by comparing the masses of clean wool in the broken portions of the staple. It does not imply that a break exists in the staple. Reported as the percentage of breaks in each third of a staple, viz. tip, middle or base.
Synonyms - POB
A sheep at the top of its condition.
1. The standard of excellence or desirability of a sheep or its fleece; 2. Quality number may be specified by the term 'count'.
The procedure of separating sick or infected animals from healthy ones (until they have convalesced or are removed from the premises), or isolating new introductions from the resident flock until their health status has been established. A basic biosecurity procedure.
Name for accommodation for shearing staff provided at camp out sheds.
A chalky like substance used to identify sheep.
A male sheep with its sexual organs intact used for breeding.
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