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Glossary of Terms

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Term Definition
Backline
The imaginary line along the back of animal, following the course of its spine. The application of a treatment against external parasites (mainly lice) on the skin of a sheep along the spine; usually off-shears within 7 days of wool harvesting.
Backs
Fleece wool from the back of the sheep ? maybe removed if wasty or dusty.
Bale

A rectangular container (pack) into which shorn wool is compressed. Pack is of nylon construction and pressed to specifications set in the AWEX Code of Practice for the Preparation of Australian Wool Clips (Min. Weight 120kg - Max. Weight 204kg  Max. length 1.25 metres).

Bale Fastener
Metal clasp used to close a bale of wool.
Bale Hook
A tool used to help grasp bales of wool while handling.
Baling Twine
Made of synthetic polypropylene and one of the major contaminants of wool.
Bar bale
A bale of wool containing two or more types of wool separated by paper divisions.
Bathurst Burr
AWEX ID VM type. The hooked spines strongly attach to the Bathurst Burr to wool. However, the burr is easily removed during processing because the spines break off. In many cases these burrs float off in the scouring process.
Belly Wool
Wool shorn from the stomach of the sheep.
Bin
Dedicated storage section found in shearing sheds and wool stores for a line of wool prior to pressing.
Binders
Fibres that grow from one staple to another holding the fleece together.
Biosecurity
The principle of safeguarding the health of livestock and preventing the introduction of new diseases or infections. Measures taken to maintain the health of a flock / herd. Related term: quarantine.
Black Wool
Dark pigmented wool (grey or black).
Blend
A textile containing two or more different fibres, variants of the same fibre or different colours and grades of the same fibre. Merino may be blended with cotton, silk, nylon, polyester, or viscose.
Blow
The stroke the shearer makes with the handpiece when removing the wool from the sheep.
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